原創翻譯:龍騰網 http://www.ternionm.com 翻譯:君子沖盈 轉載請注明出處



Vietnam-China Relationship:

越中關系:

We already know that Vietnam and China is hostile to each other right now on the South China Sea. However, two countries still try their best to maintain peace in the land especially the border between two countries.

我們都知道,越南和中國在南海問題上是敵對的,然而,兩國仍然盡最大努力維護這片土地的和平,特別是兩國之間的邊界。

According to “Vietnam, as next ASEAN chair, urges China to behave in S. China Sea”, Vietnamese Deputy Foreign Minister Nguyen Quoc Dung said:

《 越南作為下一屆東盟輪值主席國,敦促中國在南海有所作為 》一文中,越南副外長阮國勇表示:

“”You have seen what China has done a couple of months before in Vietnam’s EEZ. Of course, it’s a blatant violation of our sovereignty. But Vietnam…did exercise self-restraint and finally China withdrew from the EEZ, but I am not sure if such kind of thing will not happen again,” Dung said.

“ 相信各位均已看到幾個月前中國在越南專屬經濟區的所作所為,顯然,這是對我們主權的公然侵犯,但越南保持了克制,最終中國退出了專屬經濟區,但我不確定這種事情是否會再次發生?!?br />
“What China did was very alarming and also a kind of threatening. Not only Vietnam but also other countries see the potential of being threatened in the future,” he said.

“ 中國的所作所為非常令人震驚,也是一種威脅,不僅越南,其他國家也看到了未來受到威脅的可能性?!?br />


Look like some Vietnamese is pissed off right now they decide to “bring it on” with China. Some acquaintances tell me that Vietnam Coast Guards are currently ramming with China Coast Guard right now. MOFA Spokesperson Le Thi Thu Hang had responsed to Haiyang Dizhi 8 so directly to demand them withdraw from Vietnam water territory.

一些越南人很生氣,他們決定和中國“ 干一場”。
我的熟人告訴我,越南海岸警衛隊目前正在與中國海岸警衛隊發生沖撞,外交部發言人黎氏秋恒直接回應"海洋地質8號" 勘察作業事件,要求他們從越南水域撤出。

譯注:
文章發布于2020年1月13號,他指的2019年7月19日發生在中越南海對峙,越方外交部首度指名道姓,指責中國 " 海洋地質八號"等艦船侵犯了越南專屬經濟區,中國勘探船“海洋地質八號”7月初在武裝海警船護衛下,進入南沙群島最西側陸地淺灘萬安灘進行石油勘探作業,越南隨即緊急出動數艘海警船與中方船艦對峙。

China is currently building the border wall or the border fence or the border barrier exactly between the two countries in case that the war can be triggered between two countries for some reason only god know. You guy can view the video about the border wall:
See Directly Vietnam-China Border Wall-LangSon Travel (C?N C?NH B?C T??NG BIêN GI?I VI?T NAM TRUNG QU?C – LANG SON TRAVEL)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uYKuR_jcgzc

中國目前正在兩國之間建造邊境墻或邊境圍欄或邊境障礙,以防兩國之間因為某些緣故可能引發的戰爭,你們可以看看關于邊境墻的視頻:
越南-中國邊境墻
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ozi8I4ddR4o

Border Walll Seperate Vietnam And China And Bac Xa Binh Lieu Border Road (B?c T??ng Bi?n Gi?i Ng?n Cách Vi?t Nam Trung Qu?c Và ???ng Vành ?ai Biên Gi?i B?c Xa Bình Liêu)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ozi8I4ddR4o

邊境墻將越南和中國以及北沙平流邊境公路分隔開來
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ozi8I4ddR4o

I know the fence also has the gate or door but I still think this is the sign of incoming war between Vietnam and China but I am not being paranoid about this. Vietnamese is paranoid so much about the war is coming thank for the border wall.

雖然我知道這些邊境墻上設有大門,但我仍然認為這是越南和中國之間即將爆發戰爭的跡象,我不是偏執狂,
越南人天生就對戰爭多有疑慮。

In conclusion, Vietnam and China hostile to each other on South China Sea.

總之,越南和中國在南海問題上相互敵視。

Vietnam-US Relationship:

越美關系:



And that appears to be what’s happening. News reports have noted anecdotal evidence of the shift, with business owners and analysts saying they’ve seen the relocation of companies’ manufacturing facilities to Vietnam.

這似乎就是正在發生的事情,新聞報道指出了這種轉變的坊間證據,企業主和分析人士說,他們看到企業的生產設施被轉移到越南。

Zhejiang Hailide New Material, which makes industrial yarns, told investors last year it would set up a factory in Vietnam to avoid tariff hikes. Hl Corp, which makes bike parts, also said last year that it was moving production to Vietnam in hopes of evading tariffs. And GoerTek, a producer of Apple’s AirPods, also plans to move production to Vietnam.”

生產工業紗線的浙江海爾德新材去年向投資者表示,將在越南設立一家工廠,以避免關稅上漲。
自行車部件生產商Hl Corp去年也表示,將把生產轉移到越南,希望借此規避關稅,蘋果AirPods的生產商GoerTek也計劃將生產轉移到越南。

From this, we can find out that US and its lackeys are try to turn Vietnam into new factory. This is not good in long term if my understand on economic is right. According to “Vietnam gains ground in shift from China”, Vietnam also gains some profits when Google and Apple, and other ones move to their factories from China to Vietnam:

從這里,我們可以發現,美國及其盟友試圖把越南變成新工廠,如果我對經濟的理解是正確的,從長遠來看,這并不是好事。
根據《 越南在從中國轉移中取得進展》一文的說法,當谷歌和蘋果等公司從中國轉移到越南的工廠時,越南獲得了一些利潤:

“The magnitude of the shift from China to Vietnam is hard to measure, in part because multinationals are keeping their moves discreet to avoid upsetting delicate government and supplier relationships in China.

從中國向越南轉移的規模很難衡量,部分原因是跨國公司謹慎行事,以免惹惱中國脆弱的政府和供應商關系。

But Vietnam’s trade numbers, not least its record $39.5bn surplus with the US last year, suggest a significant realignment is under way, as do anecdotes from companies, consultants and suppliers in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City.

但越南的貿易數據 ( 尤其是去年對美395億美元的創紀錄貿易順差) 表明,越南正在進行重大調整,來自河內和胡志明市的企業、顧問和供應商的傳聞也表明了這一點。

Apple recently began trial production of its AirPods in Vietnam, according to Nikkei. Amazon and Home Depot are among the retailers that have stepped up sourcing in Vietnam recently, according to Vu Ngoc Khiem, country director for Global Sources, a consultancy that lixs global suppliers to buyers.

據日經新聞報道,蘋果公司最近開始在越南試產AirPods,全球資源咨詢公司 ( Global Sources) 越南業務主管Vu Ngoc Khiem表示,亞馬遜和家得寶(Home Depot) 等零售商最近加大了在越南的采購力度。

But trade experts said Vietnam is limited in how quickly it can lure manufacturing orders from China.

但貿易專家說,越南吸引中國制造業訂單的速度有限。

“Global supply chains are complicated,” said Adam Sitkoff, executive director of the American Chamber of Commerce in Hanoi. “There are a lot of players and a lot of workers involved, and you can’t just pick up and move from one day to the next because of tariffs.”

“全球供應鏈很復雜,”河內美國商會執行理事亞當·西特科夫說“有很多玩家和工人參與其中,你不能僅僅因為關稅問題,就把一天的工作挪到另一天?!?br />
Bac Ninh, a densely settled region of factories, malls, chain restaurants, housing for migrant workers, and other ex-urban sprawl, is the country’s smallest province but has attracted $18.2bn of foreign investment in recent years from Samsung, Canon and Nokia, according to Mr Quat.”

北寧是一個人口密集的地區,有工廠、購物中心、連鎖餐廳、農民工住房,以及其他一些向外擴張的城市。
北寧是越南最小的省份,但據奎爾特介紹,近年來,北寧吸引了三星、佳能和諾基亞182億美元的外國投資。



According to “U.S. Security Cooperation With Vietnam”, Vietnam also receive fund on military from US:

根據《美國與越南的安全合作協議》,越南還從美國獲得軍事資金:

“In March 2018, the U.S.S. Carl Vinson visited Da Nang, Vietnam for a historic four-day port call. Sailors participated in cultural and professional exchanges during community service events, sports competitions, ship tours, and a formal reception aboard the aircraft carrier. This visit was the first by a U.S. aircraft carrier in more than 40 years.

“ 2018年3月,美國海軍航母卡爾文森號訪問了越南峴港,進行了歷史性的為期四天的港口???,水手們在社區服務活動、體育比賽、船只參觀以及航空母艦上的正式招待會期間參與文化和專業交流,這是美國航空母艦40多年來的首次訪問。

The Department has also authorized $22.5 million in Direct Commercial Sales (DCS) to Vietnam from CY2014 – CY2018, with nearly $11 million of that total coming in the last two years.

此外,由2014至2018年,海關共批出2250萬美元的直接商業銷售予越南,其中近1100萬美元來自過去兩年。

From FY2013 – FY2018, Vietnam received over $56 million in bilateral State Department-funded security assistance under the Foreign Military Financing (FMF) program. FMF funded the transfer and refurbishment of a former U.S. Coast Guard cutter to Vietnam under the Excess Defense Article program. This was the first major defense transfer between the United States and Vietnam, and is currently the largest vessel in Vietnam’s military inventory. FMF has also funded the acquisition of 24 45-ft Metal Shark fast patrol boats, the first 12 of which have been delivered as of April 2018.

從2013財政年度到2018財政年度,越南通過外國軍事融資 ( FMF) 項目下收到了超過5600萬美元的美國國務院資助的雙邊安全援助。
在FMF的資助下,一艘前美國海岸警衛隊快艇根據超額防御條款計劃翻新并轉移到越南。
這是美國和越南之間第一次大規模的國防轉移,也是目前越南軍事庫存中最大的軍艦。
FMF還出資收購了24艘45英尺長的鯊魚快速巡邏艇,其中首批12艘已于2018年4月交付。

From FY2015 – FY2018, Vietnam has also received $26.25 million in FMF funds under the Department’s Southeast Asia Maritime Security Initiative (SAMSI) regional FMF account which is designed to enhance maritime domain awareness, increase the presence of partner countries in their own territorial waters, and help them to maintain the rights and freedoms specified under the international law of the sea.

2015財政年度至2018財政年度,越南還根據美國務院的東南亞海上安全倡議, FMF獲得了2625萬美元的 FMF 基金,該基金旨在提高對海洋領域的勘察,增加伙伴國家在本國領海的存在,并幫助它們維護國際海洋法規定的權利和自由。

The Department of Defense also provided Vietnam with over $16 million in additional assistance in FY2017 and FY2018 to assist Vietnam in enhancing its maritime capacity.”

美國國防部還在2017財政年度和2018財政年度向越南提供了超過1600萬美元的額外援助,以幫助越南提高其海上能力。

However, Vietnam still maintain its policy “Four Nos”, and they don’t let US set any military barracks in their country. Vietnam stills try to main their neutral position in the world.

但是,越南仍然堅持“四不”的政策,不讓美國在他們國家設軍營,越南仍然試圖在世界上維持其中立地位。

According to “U.S. Seeks Stronger Defense Relationship With Vietnam”, Randall G. Schriver explained:

在《美國尋求加強與越南的防御關系》一文中,蘭德爾 · G · 施里弗解釋道:



From my observation, look like Vietnam-US relationship same to Vietnam-EU relationship or relationships with any first world countries is mostly on economic because Vietnam government does not have ability to create jobs for their people so the foreign factories is the only way can save Vietnamese from being unemployment. We already know that US, same to other first world countries, has very low blue-collar workers with the good skills. However, the thing will bring to Vietnam the long term or short term, bad or good result, I don’t know because there is no discussion on the topic, and majority of Vietnamese believes this is good for them because they need jobs but I am being skeptical about this.

在我看來,越南與美國的關系,就像越南與歐盟的關系,或與任何第一世界國家的關系一樣,主要是經濟關系,因為越南政府沒有能力為本國人民創造就業機會,所以外國工廠是讓越南人免于失業的唯一途徑。
我們知道,美國和其他第一世界國家一樣,高技能的藍領工人非常少,然而,這會給越南帶來長期或短期,或好或壞的結果 —— 我不知道,因為沒有討論過這個話題,大多數越南人認為這對他們有好處,因為他們需要工作,但我對此持懷疑態度。

US wants to turn Vietnam into their new factory that can make US products to them. Vietnamese today trust US so blindly, and they always think that US will protect Vietnam from China. I am not surprised that Vietnamese want their own country become a vassal state of US due to the myth “US’s vassal state always rich and have happy life than anti-imperialist countries.” US need to weak China first so they can destroy China because China will be weakness in both economic and military after the war with Vietnam even if they win Vietnam. US also does not want to lose their new cheap labors, and a new place that willing import trashed every year for money, of course.

美國希望把越南變成他們的新工廠,為他們生產美國產品。
今天的越南人如此盲目地相信美國,他們總是認為美國會保護越南不受中國的傷害。
越南人希望自己的國家成為美國的附庸國,我并不感到驚訝,因為一直存在著“做美國的附庸國比反帝國主義國家富裕和幸?!钡纳裨?。
美國首先需要削弱中國,這樣他們才能摧毀中國,因為中國在與越南的戰爭之后,即使贏得越南戰爭,也會在經濟和軍事上變得軟弱。
美國也不希望失去他們新的廉價勞動力,當然也不希望失去一個每年都愿意進口自己商品的賺錢好地方。

I also (try to) believe that Vietnam right now try to maintain their neutral position as much as they can like what they have done before 2013. With the neutral position, Vietnam don’t give US, Russia, and Israel other reasons to hate, but cannot tell the country trust Vietnam entirely, of course. Vietnam can use the relationship with three countries above to pressure China to know how to behave in South China Sea (I hope I’m right this time).

我還認為,越南現在正試圖盡可能保持中立立場,就像他們在2013年之前所做的那樣。
帶著中立的立場,越南沒有給美國、俄羅斯和以色列等國家仇恨的理由,但也顯然不能完全獲得它們的信任, 越南可以利用與上述三個國家的關系向中國施壓,讓中國知道應該如何在南海行事( 我希望這次我是對的 )。

I hope my analysis help you guys understand about Vietnam relationship with the superpower country and I hope you guys can give me feedback as much as you can.

我希望我的分析能幫助你們理解越南與超級大國的關系,我希望你們能給我盡可能多的反饋。