原創翻譯:龍騰網 http://www.ternionm.com 翻譯:cnbsmt 轉載請注明出處

China and the U.S. are competing to be the world''''s technological master 10 years from now. After analyzing patent application data in 10 categories, including artificial intelligence and quantum computing, Nikkei has concluded that China will reign supreme in nine categories. Chinese tech giants Baidu and Alibaba Group will be the major innovators. Meanwhile, 64 of the global top 100 companies in terms of patent quality will be American. U.S. President Donald Trump is becoming more cautious regarding increasingly competent Chinese companies as the world''''s two biggest economies battle it out over the future of technology.
Here are the changes in the number of patent applications since 2000, when Japan held the top spot in five categories. By 2010, Japan led in three categories but eventually gave up those spots to the U.S. and China.


China was No. 1 in nine categories
China scored an overwhelming victory in 2017, holding the top spot in nine categories. It accounted for 49% of all applications in all 10 categories that year.
Next came the U.S., which finished No. 1 in one category and No. 2 in seven. The world’s two largest economies are now the main combatants in the patent war.
Japan finished at No. 4 in seven categories. It was No. 2 in two categories and No. 3 in another. Its number of applications accounted for 11% of the total.

一、 中國在九個類別中排第一

The BATH quartet leads China’s astonishing rise, and its acquisitions of technologies are accelerating
Number of applications by BATH and their rankings (since 2015)

三、 BATH四巨頭引領中國大崛起,而且對技術的收購正在加速

The BATH companies Baidu, Alibaba Group, Tencent and Huawei are the driving force behind China’s patent war blitz. They are top application filers. Thanks to of Chinese economic reforms that have picked up since the 1990s, they are helping to raise the global profile of Chinese businesses.


U.S. triumphs in terms of quality
U.S. companies dominate in terms of quality. Among the 100 companies that made it into the top 10 of all categories, 64 are American. 18 are Japanese, and eight are South Korean. China had only one company show up in the ranking, in the drone category.


China spends three times more on science and technology than Japan
Key measures for China’s “intellectual property powerhouse” policy
Cash incentives
The central government provides up to 500,000 yuan ($74,000) per application for international patent
Nurture experts
China is promoting the education of intellectual property professionals, and not only in China. Patent attorneys and lawyers are furthering their education in the U.S., gaining international knowledge and returning home to improve the quality of China’s legal and patent systems.
Bigger damage awards
Under a proposal, patent holders would be allowed to claim damages of five times the amount approved by a court. (In Japan, plaintiffs accept the amount of court-approved damages.)
Improve court functions
The Supreme Court handles intellectual property cases. (In Japan and the U.S., high courts handle such cases.)

五、 中國在科技上的投入是日本的三倍
1、 現金獎勵
2、 培養專家
3、 更大的侵犯賠償金

Japan''''s presence in cutting-edge research fades
Japan’s presence on the frontlines of research is declining. It ranks 11th among nations with authors of outstanding academic papers. The U.S. and China occupie the two top stops. Although Japan calls itself a tech-driven nation, its technology centers on manufacturing geared toward the second industrial revolution. As the world moves into the fourth industrial revolution, which will be heavy with digital technology, Japan is unlikely to achieve technological hegemony five years from now. The country needs to draw up a strategy that reflects this reality.

六、 日本在尖端研究領域的存在正在消退